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lunes, 14 de septiembre de 2015

Activity 1
Name: hammer
Uses: directly orindirectly striking a piece

Name: Wood plane
Uses: They are usedto flatten, reduce the thickness.



Name: Wood file
Uses: to cut fineamounts of material from a workpiece.



Name: nail set
Uses:



Name: hand saw
Uses: make small cutsin metal, plastic or wood pieces.

Name: hand drill
Uses: for drilling ahole size range



Name: bit and brace
Uses: drilling holes


Name: auger bit
Uses: to make holes



Name: flat headscrewdriver
Uses: tightening and looseningscrews

Name: Phillips headscrewdriver
Uses: tightening andloosening screws



Name: try square
Uses: to mark andmeasure a piece of material.




Name: scratch awl
Uses: sew and pierceleather or timber




Name: standard drillbit
Uses: creates holesin various materials



Name: Wood chisel
Uses: forcing a sheetmaterial to be cut


Name: hot melt gluegun
Uses: heating elementcontinuously work to melt the plastic glue



Name: coping saw
Uses: cuttingarbitrary curves


Name: drill press
Uses: drill deepholes in the ground


Name: wire cutters
Uses: cut throughwires


Name: power handdrill
Uses: drillingvarious materials


Name: power sander
Uses: sandingdifferent materials


Name: standard pliersUses:




Name: needle nosepliers
Uses: to bend,repositioning and cut wire.



Name: vise grips
Uses: can firmly holda piece


Name: adjustablewrench
Uses: tighten screwelements using screws or nuts



Name: quick gripclamp
Uses: It is used toembrace a conduit



Name: C-clamp
Uses: to maintain awood or metal workpiece
  

Name: ball peenhammer
Uses: forging,locksmith, metalwork, metalworking


Name: mallet
Uses: Its most commonuse is directly hitting the material.


Name: hacksaw
Uses: metal cutting



Name: tin snips
Uses: cut thin metalsheets



Name: tape measure
Uses: measure



Name: safety glasses
Uses: work withtools, such as drills or chainsaws


Activity  2


Descripción: logo_membreteSERVICIO NACIONALDE APRENDIZAJE SENA
 Línea técnicay tecnológica del programa: producción y transformación
RedTecnológica: Tecnologías de mantenimiento predictivo, preventivo y correctivo
       Red de conocimiento en  mantenimiento industrial
Curso presencialde inglés técnico para aprendices del área de mantenimiento
Name: LUIS EDUARDOGUADUAS RUBIANO
Date:  15/09/2015
Group’s Code: 974375_

 Read thetext and then answer the questions below  PORTABLE POWER TOOLS
Personal Protective Equipment
1.    Power toolspresent more hazards than hand tools due to the speed at which they operate.There are distinct differences between the PPE suggested for use with handtools and the PPE recommended for safe power tool use.
2.     Eye protection, such as safety glasses or goggles, is especially important when usingpower tools. The speed in which drills, saws, grinders, sanders and routersoperate can propel small particles much faster and farther than do hand tools.Others working around the area where power tools are used should also wearprotective eyewear. Certain powertools may require using a face shield, in addition to safety glasses orgoggles. For example, a face shield is recommended while using a grinder, dueto the amount of hot metal particles generated.
3.    Standard cottonor leather work gloves can protect your hands from minor scrapes and cuts whileworking with various materials. Cut-resistant gloves are not designed for, orcapable of providing protection against a moving blade or bit. The best way toprevent injury from moving parts is to keep your hands on the tools' handlesand keep all guards in place. Anti-vibration gloves minimize the vibrationcreated by hammerdrills and rotary hammerdrills.
4.    Safety footwearis recommended when using power tools. Power tools are heavy and can cut you.Safety shoes with a nonslip, insulated sole and a steel toe protect againstdropped objects and misdirected electricity.
5.    The highersound levels generated by some power tools, especially if used over extendedperiods of time, may require the use of earplugs or earmuffs. Even the use of a dust respirator may be necessary insanding and cutting operations. Each situation must be analyzed to determinethe type of PPE that is required for the safe use of each type of power tool.
6.    Along with PPE,proper attire is also important whileusing power tools. Tie back or cover long hair, wear loose fitting clothes andremove all jewelry to avoid being caught in moving blades.
7.    Proper Work Practices
8.    Portable powertools are designed for a wide variety of uses. Circular sawsjig sawsdrills,hammer drillssanders, grinders, routers and numerous other power tools save us time and effort on thejob. The growing popularity of cordless battery-operated tools is putting power tools to use in more places than ever before,heightening the need for awareness of the dangers they present if not operatedproperly. The following safety rules are common to all power tools. Inaddition, each type of tool has its own unique hazards, which must be takeninto account.
Questions
a.    What does PPEstand for? : Recommendations for safe use of the machine
b.    What is themain difference between power tools and hand tools (paragraph   1)? :                                                                Power tools pose more risk than hand tools due tothe speed at which they operate.

c.    What are “safety glasses or goggles” examples of? : Eye protectionpower tools are used. For example, a protective mask is recommended when usinga grinder, because the amount of generated hot metal particles.
d.    What is the biggest problem whenoperating a power tool? Paragraph 2 : generated amount of hot metal particles.
e.    Is a face shield a power tool? Whatis it? : face shield
f.     Why is it advisable to wear a “a face shield”  to protect the face from cuts and burns
g.    According to paragraph 3. Is itpossible to protect your hands from grinders with gloves? : Yes
h.    Why? : As they are cut resistantgloves are not designed for or capable of providing protection against a bladeor little motion.
i.      How can you protect your hand from injures?: The best way to avoid injury from moving parts is to keep your hands onthe handles of tools' and have all shields in place
j.      What do anti-vibration gloves do? : minimizevibration created by hammer drills rotary hammer drills.
k.    Why can power tools cut you? : Powertools are heavy and may cut
l.      How can you prevent foot injuries? :work boots
m.   What characteristics should yourworking boots have? : Safety shoes with non-slip, only isolated andsteel toe protection against falling objects and misdirected power.
n.    Why should tools operators wearearplugs in the working area? : because higher sound levels generated bysome power tools
o.    What does a “dust respirator” help workers for? : a dust may benecessary in grinding and cutting operations








Read thetext and then answer the questions below  PORTABLE POWER TOOLS
Personal Protective Equipment
1.    Power toolspresent more hazards than hand tools due to the speed at which they operate.There are distinct differences between the PPE suggested for use with handtools and the PPE recommended for safe power tool use.
2.     Eye protection, such as safety glasses or goggles, is especially important when usingpower tools. The speed in which drills, saws, grinders, sanders and routersoperate can propel small particles much faster and farther than do hand tools.Others working around the area where power tools are used should also wearprotective eyewear. Certain powertools may require using a face shield, in addition to safety glasses orgoggles. For example, a face shield is recommended while using a grinder, dueto the amount of hot metal particles generated.
3.    Standard cottonor leather work gloves can protect your hands from minor scrapes and cuts whileworking with various materials. Cut-resistant gloves are not designed for, orcapable of providing protection against a moving blade or bit. The best way toprevent injury from moving parts is to keep your hands on the tools' handlesand keep all guards in place. Anti-vibration gloves minimize the vibrationcreated by hammerdrills and rotary hammerdrills.
4.    Safety footwearis recommended when using power tools. Power tools are heavy and can cut you.Safety shoes with a nonslip, insulated sole and a steel toe protect againstdropped objects and misdirected electricity.
5.    The highersound levels generated by some power tools, especially if used over extendedperiods of time, may require the use of earplugs or earmuffs. Even the use of a dust respirator may be necessary insanding and cutting operations. Each situation must be analyzed to determinethe type of PPE that is required for the safe use of each type of power tool.
6.    Along with PPE,proper attire is also important whileusing power tools. Tie back or cover long hair, wear loose fitting clothes andremove all jewelry to avoid being caught in moving blades.
7.    Proper Work Practices
8.    Portable powertools are designed for a wide variety of uses. Circular sawsjig sawsdrills,hammer drillssanders, grinders, routers and numerous other power tools save us time and effort on thejob. The growing popularity of cordless battery-operated tools is putting power tools to use in more places than ever before,heightening the need for awareness of the dangers they present if not operatedproperly. The following safety rules are common to all power tools. Inaddition, each type of tool has its own unique hazards, which must be takeninto account.
Questions
a.    What does PPEstand for? : Recommendations for safe use of the machine
b.    What is themain difference between power tools and hand tools (paragraph   1)? :                                                                Power tools pose more risk than hand tools due tothe speed at which they operate.

c.    What are “safety glasses or goggles” examples of? : Eye protectionpower tools are used. For example, a protective mask is recommended when usinga grinder, because the amount of generated hot metal particles.
d.    What is the biggest problem whenoperating a power tool? Paragraph 2 : generated amount of hot metal particles.
e.    Is a face shield a power tool? Whatis it? : face shield
f.     Why is it advisable to wear a “a face shield”  to protect the face from cuts and burns
g.    According to paragraph 3. Is itpossible to protect your hands from grinders with gloves? : Yes
h.    Why? : As they are cut resistantgloves are not designed for or capable of providing protection against a bladeor little motion.
i.      How can you protect your hand from injures?: The best way to avoid injury from moving parts is to keep your hands onthe handles of tools' and have all shields in place
j.      What do anti-vibration gloves do? : minimizevibration created by hammer drills rotary hammer drills.
k.    Why can power tools cut you? : Powertools are heavy and may cut
l.      How can you prevent foot injuries? :work boots
m.   What characteristics should yourworking boots have? : Safety shoes with non-slip, only isolated andsteel toe protection against falling objects and misdirected power.
n.    Why should tools operators wearearplugs in the working area? : because higher sound levels generated bysome power tools
o.    What does a “dust respirator” help workers for? : a dust may benecessary in grinding and cutting operations



                                                                               Acivity 3







                                                        Name:  LUIS EDUARDO GUADUAS RUBIANO                  date: 15/09/2015 ficha: 974375
Read colorand draw.
A DAY IN THE WORKSHOP
Sebastian is a welder; he is working in a workshop. Sebastianhas to do many things to get a successful job.
For example, he has to wear the uniform properly; hehas to wear a blue overall, orange safety gloves, a black holding mask, brownsafety boots, a yellow hard cap and red ear protectors.
Sebastian has also a routine. Today he has to organizethe tools on the tool board. He has to put the screw driver next to the hammer;(on the left) the wrench has to be next to the screw driver, on the right ofthe hammer he has to put some nails, he has to put a nut between the nails andthe hammer, the pliers have to be below the hammer. He has to put the hacksawnext to the pliers, on the right. He has to keep the drill in the toolbox andthe jack behind it; some screws and washers have to be on the floor in front ofthe toolbox. A try square has to be behind the tool board and finally he has toput the c-clamp, and the bolt cutter next to the saw blade.
It is a successful day and Sebastian is very happy towork there.